Name: Beatriz Mourão Barcelos
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 13/12/2021

Namesort descending Role
Renata Hermanny de Almeida Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Latussa Bianca Laranja Monteiro External Examiner *
Milton Esteves Junior Internal Examiner *
Renata Hermanny de Almeida Advisor *

Summary: The concept of territorial heritage expands what is traditionally understood by the term heritage
and changes the very nature of the heritage object and preservation actions. The Italian
Territorialist School understands the territory as a process of co-evolution between human
settlements and the environment. The territory does not exist, therefore, outside the societynature relationship. As a historical and identity product of territorializing actions, mediation
between nature and culture, the territory witnesses the continuous transformation of the
environment into construct and, therefore, can be considered heritage. By assuming the
territory as a process-product of man`s interaction with the environment, it is understood,
therefore, that it has informational characteristics that can be apprehended through reading,
representation and interpretation. It is intended, then, to explore this potential through the
structuring of a system that allows to portray the territory from the understanding of its territorial
and environmental values, aiming to produce deep territorial knowledge capable of promoting
a new cycle of territorialization based on territorializing acts that subsidize sustainable
development. It is adopted as an empirical object Anchieta, a municipality on the southern
coast of Espírito Santo. The research focuses on the study of the historical process of
territorialization and its spatial arrangements, as a way of revealing the lines of force that cross
the successive cycles of anthropic sedimentation and reach the present as structural
invariance. The problem is qualitatively approached under two main approaches: a historicalstructural and a morphotypological one. In the first, the long-term sedimentation of the territory
is investigated, identifying the main phases of stability and rupture in the historical process of
its formation. In the second, the spatial configurations resulting from territorialization processes
are analysed. The representation of recognized identity characteristics at the intersection of
these methodological approaches points to the attributes of the place as potential resources
to be activated for local development, in line with the ideals of heritage preservation, economic
prosperity, defence of the sociocultural function and guarantee of democratic access to the
territory. This representation integrates multiple resources, with emphasis on the use of
geoinformational tools, capable of revealing complex information about the territory, revealing
its heritage values and its durable identity. As a result, the sets of specific traits that constitute
the territorial figures and the permanent, persistent and lost elements of the territorial structure
are identified, pointing out their importance and possible contribution to planning from more
sustainable perspectives.

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