Name: Blenda Mayra Viana de Araújo
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 01/10/2021
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Daniella do Amaral Mello Bonatto Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Daniella do Amaral Mello Bonatto Advisor *
Luciana Aparecida Netto de Jesus External Examiner *
Maria do Carmo de Lima Bezerra External Examiner *
Renato Tibiriçá de Saboya Co advisor *

Summary: Public open spaces for leisure are great promoters of sociability and diversity in
urban life. The benefits extend beyond the social sphere, being able to do a
positive impact on the environmental quality of cities and the physical and mental
health of their populations. However, public open spaces for leisure are rarely a
priority in public investments. The distribution of spaces and the consequent
access to public leisure is differentiated, revealing harm to the population in the
enjoyment of leisure and recreation in public domain spaces. In this perspective,
this dissertation aims to analyze the offer and level of access to public open
spaces for leisure for the income and race groups of the population of the city of
Juiz de Fora (MG). The methodology applied was based on public open spaces
for leisure demarcated by the Participative Master Plan and Cadastral Plan of
Juiz de Fora. It was done quantitative spatial analysis of the distribution and
supply of spaces (Index of Green Leisure Areas – IAVL and Kernel Density
Estimate), as well as syntactic analyzes of the urban configuration through the
use of Spatial Syntax, correlation analyzes of spatial and social data, and
comparison analyzes between morphologically distinct regions of the city. The
results showed a distribution of spaces concentrated in the downtown area. The
calculated IAVL pointed out that most of the territory presents indices smaller
than one square meter of public open leisure space per inhabitant. The offer
confronted with income and race showed no direct relationships. However, the
possibilities of accessing spaces were greater WHERE the income level was higher
and WHERE the majority population was white, whose configurational pattern was
more integrated. The most segregated areas were characterized by a low-income
population, black and brown, WHERE access to open public spaces for leisure was
more difficult.

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