Name: Maisa Mazzini
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 20/09/2021
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Renata Hermanny de Almeida Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Liziane de Oliveira Jorge External Examiner *
Marcos Aurélio Saquet External Examiner *
Maria Isabel Sobral Escada External Examiner *
Renata Hermanny de Almeida Advisor *

Summary: Epistemological discussions in the state of the art about local development have exposed the
category of \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"territorial heritage\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" as a concept and instrument, created by Alberto Magnaghi and
disseminated by the Italian Territorialist School, since the 1990s. The territorialist approach
proposes the \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"return to the place” through representation and planning, and suggests a new
understanding of the territory, and the sediments that compose it, as heritage. Starting from
the analysis and synthesis of the territorialization, deterritorialization and reterritorialization
cycles (or TDR Cycle), it is possible to identify the permanence of material, economic and
cognitive sediments that conform \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"structural invariants\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" – in other words, the relationship of
structuring assets of local identities that endure over time. The TDR cycle comprises the path
of transformation of nature into territory through territorializing anthropogenic actions
(Territorialization), events and agents that cause disruptions and disturbances in socio-spatial
arrangements (Desterritorialization) and their recreations (Reterritorialization). Despite the
conceptual extension, contemporary planning shows a partial understanding and a
segmentation of heritage, dissociated into two distinct dimensions - Nature and Culture - based
on unsustainable development models resulted from a functionalist-reductionist approach. In
addition, contemporary planning has served as a subsidy to the interests of capital and of
certain dominant classes, contributing to the process of capitalist production of space and
causing subsequent and concomitant cycles of “continuous deterritorialization”. As a result,
there is a transgression of the patrimonial value to an economic value, assuming the
exploitation and exhaustion of territorial resources. Given the background, there is Vila de
Itaúnas, seat of Conceição da Barra’s district (ES), in which the capital hides behind the mask
of real estate speculation and of exploratory tourism, intensifying the process of gentrification
of the local native population. The problem is aggravated on the macro scale: it is possible to
observe around the village and throughout the far north of Espirito Santo, the territorialization
of agricultural industrial activities and eucalyptus monocultures in large areas. Thus, under the
thematic pair \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Heritage\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Planning\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\", articulating the issues of Development, this study aims
to establish premises for the local development of Vila de Itaunas, based on the resumption of
its territorial and heritage values, contributing to strategic planning actions. The specific
objectives are: a) to produce historical research of the territorial production process of Vila de
Itaúnas supported by a critical conceptual apparatus; b) to establish methodology for the
elaboration of the TDR Cycle; c) to accomplish the TDR Cycle of Vila de Itaúnas; d) to outline
discussions and questions regarding the levels of unsustainability in the village`s territory.
Pursuing these objectives, a methodological path is defined based on a hybrid approach
between empirical-descriptive-qualitative methods, having as its core the historical-relational
analyses of the territory: i) formation of a conceptual foundation about territory, the production
of space/territory; heritage, territorial resources, territorialization, deterritorialization,
reterritorialization and local development; ii) investigation, selection and construction of a
descriptive-analytical-representative method for the elaboration of the TDR Cycle; iii)
systematization of documents, geographic and statistical information, iconographies, reports,
material, etc., through documentary-bibliographic research; iv) approximation and spatial
understanding of phenomena through the elaboration of maps by manipulating available
georeferenced data; v) field survey, on-site mapping, photographic record, observation of the
territorial area, interviews and reports and life stories organization; vi) organization, analysis
and synthesis of data and material collected/prepared towards the development of Vila de
Itaúnas’ TDR Cycle and proposition of premises. The final product is a collection about the
concrete object and its present/past, in order to understand the issues surrounding it and to
assist sustainable transformation processes in the future.

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