Name: Vinicius Galvão Ramos
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 28/05/2020
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Martha Machado Campos Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Eduardo José Marandola Junior Advisor *
Gisele Girardi External Examiner *
Martha Machado Campos Advisor *
Milton Esteves Junior Internal Examiner *

Summary: Western society has developed under the preponderance of rational and objective
thinking since the Modern Age. Combined with the scientific and technological
advances that have followed, objectivity has been applied predominantly in different
areas of knowledge. In the 20th century, the field of architecture and urbanism has
aligned with the Modern Movement in the exploration of techniques and materials in
the reconstruction of European cities in the second post-war period. The homogeneous
discourse of the modern city presupposed the innovation of building types and the rise
of road interventions in the urban space. At the limit, the modern city is based on the
universal concept of the city submitted to rationalist zoning, whose use of urban land
must be separated by functions. The trivialized replication of modern principles
culminated in the extreme situation of fragmented city spaces and passive human
bodies. These thoughts were and still are, even if revised, paradigms and practices in
the professional field of the architect and urban planner. In Vitória (ES), the
modernization process of the city started in the late 19th century and intensified in the
20th century, especially impacted the Center, generating the urban restructuring of the
area and the expansion of port activities. Landfills expressed, over the past century, a
significant increase in buildable area, boosted the verticalization of properties and the
opening of new roads, following the urban model of large European and Latin American
cities. In the academic environment, there is a predilection for objective knowledge,
which aims to instrumentalize methods and validate results. This work considers it
restricted to advocate the researcher's impartiality regarding the studied object and
adopt the apprehension of reality through the objectivity-subjectivity dichotomy. It
emphasizes subjectivity as a necessary counterpoint to rationalism and uses the
phenomenological attitude as a method to revalidate subjectivity in science. Rehearses
a phenomenological approach in the Center of Vitória, in an intersubjective experience
of the researcher immersed in the daily life of the neighborhood, in order to unveil new
issues related to the reading of the urban space. It results in a first-person narrative,
describing the researcher's trajectory and the mobilizing question of this study: what
can the Center say subjectively, that it has not said before under a technical view?

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