Name: Mariana Pereira de Amorim
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 27/03/2018
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Renata Hermanny de Almeida Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Celina Borges Lemos External Examiner *
José Francisco Bernardino Freitas Internal Examiner *
Renata Hermanny de Almeida Advisor *

Summary: The paper studies the territorial identity of descendants of Tyrolean immigrants, set in a rural territory. The concrete object is the Tyrolean community, located in the interior of the municipality of Santa Leopoldina, central region of the state of Espírito Santo. The research is developed in the bibliographic review for the conceptual understanding of the term territorial identity. The studies focused on territory and identity are considered by Saquet (2013) as multidisciplinary, involving several areas of human science, such as geography, philosophy, architecture and psychology. For Dematteis and Governa (apud SAQUET, 2010), the study of territorial identity should consider internal coherence (specific limits and differences), historical process (traditions, memory and attitudes) and future goals (goals and objectives). The territorial clipping includes the boundaries of the community, delimited in "Mapping of Urban and Rural Communities of Espírito Santo" (IJSN / IBGE, 1993). The community is founded in the year 1859, by Tyrolean immigrants, from the implantation occurred in lands still unexplored and difficult to access. In this way, settlement becomes isolated for more than a century. This situation changes with the beginning of improvements in the roads, in the media and in the cultural and financial interchange between the community and the Austrian government, from the decade of 1980. Thus, it is possible to conjecture as hypothesis for the work: the relation of the man with the territory is unique in this locality, due to the historical context of the place until the middle of the decade of 1980 when, after the entrance of the foreign capital and the improvement of the infrastructure, the relationship between man and territory occurs. The methodology used is the historical, conceptual, qualitative and empirical approach, developed by means of: bibliographical revision, for the extension of the concept of territorial identity, with the works of Alberto Magnaghi; Milton Santos and Marcos Aurélio Saquet; a field survey with oral registration, based on questionnaire interviews and map production, using the Italian territorialist approach to demonstrate the use of the territory with the help of geoprocessing tools, QGis software. It is intended, therefore, to register the Territorial Identity of the descendants, seeking to understand the changes of the relation, man and territory. The Oral History methodology is used to approximate the empirical content and the territorialist approach to represent territorial identity. It is concluded that the territorial identity of Tyrol is unique, internal coherence is determined by territorial barriers such as declivity and water courses, the identified material and immaterial elements are religious buildings, public service buildings, main roads, residential buildings, plantations, language, religion and, finally, the deponents themselves. Key words: Tyrolean immigration. Territorial Identity. Oral History. Italian Territorialist Approach

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