Name: Cassio Santana Favero
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 16/03/2018
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Andréa Coelho Laranja Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Andréa Coelho Laranja Advisor *
Daniel Coelho Feldman External Examiner *
Renata Hermanny de Almeida Internal Examiner *

Summary: Cultural landscapes and artificial lighting are, nowadays, two architectural themes that contribute for the scenery of preservation of cultural and historical architectural urban landmarks. In the cities, the care with the night time originate a new kind of landscape to be explored and enhance, the nocturnal landscape. The culture of appreciation of landmarks and the several current ways of application of lightning technologies create a demand for explore this landscape. In this way, elements that composes the nightscape through artificial lighting are highlighted, with levels impossible to obtain during the daytime. However, there is a gap regarding to methodologies aimed at
structuring and valuing the urban landscape at night, mainly related to historical cities. The lighting applications occur largely in a standard way to all places, without any concern for adequacy to the local reality or attempt to affirm the values embedded in the urban space. Thereby, it is necessary to search for more efficient ways of implementation of the luminous techniques, being these able to transmit to the user of the space the values embedded in it, as well as, highlight of its importance. Therefore, this research aims to propose a methodology for the elaboration of lighting in urban heritage areas. To reach the proposed objective, the “methodological experiment” is
applied in the city of Santa Leopoldina (ES), an important historical urban site and protected by the stated by resolution of the State Council of Culture, through visits. The research methodology was initially based on bibliographical research related to the definition of nocturnal urban landscape, analysis of urban lighting movements – the French movement, L’Urbanisme Lumière, and the American, City Beautification –, analysis of the night landscape treatment of European and Brazilian cities in the current scenario and the techniques and effects provided by artificial lighting. In conclusion, it is pointed out that the methodological experiment contemplated two phases, each one divided in three stages. The first phase stages are: technical visits to the place of
intervention, landscape photographic record and identification of the landscapes common image and elements of importance. The second phase stages are: hierarchization of the urban space, technical and lighting effects strategies and dynamization of the lighting system. It was also noticed that the application of the methodological experiment in Santa Leopoldina allowed the elaboration of fifteen intervention guidelines/strategies for develop lighting projects for urban heritage areas aiming at an integrated, harmonious and coherent valorization of all urban space and its monuments, natural or artificial.
Keywords: Nocturnal landscape. Lighting. Urban Heritage.

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