Name: Saulo Andrade Yamamoto
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 02/12/2016

Namesort descending Role
Clara Luiza Miranda Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Clara Luiza Miranda Advisor *
Eneida Maria Souza Mendonça Internal Examiner *
Wilson Ribeiro dos Santos Junior External Examiner *

Summary: Minha Casa Minha Vida Program (PMCMV), conceived by Law nº 11,977, on 2009 7th of July, is the greatest housing funding action taking place in Brazil since the end of BNH (the National Housing Bank), on 1986. With the ambitious target of building one million house units on its first phase, and additional two million on the second phase, the program had already under contract over than 1.5 million units, in 2012. However, it has been subjected to consistent criticism because of the way of its implementation, and its results are negatively evaluated by the majority of the experts on the issue. It has been stated that the program is mainly directed to the economic arrangements, providing incentives to the construction market and big building companies. Consequently, the program relies in a second level of importance the construction of urban spaces, due to massive building of house units, thus establishing segregated, precarious urban quality and pour city accesses spots. Besides, the architectonic concept of the buildings is also considered poor, as it provides a low quality of life, either in the city scale and in the house scale. This study takes into account that the great majority of the academic evaluation, although converging on their results, are focused on the local scale, considering the outcoming impacts in a city or group of cities located in a single region, or even in the level of a unit or a neighborhood. In this research, the main objective is to enlarge the scale of the coverage of the PMCMV evaluation, making it possible to check its action patterns in a National range, considering all regions, corroborating or not those evaluations. Thus, the analysis is done in National scale, aiming to evaluate the Program as a public policy, starting from its presentation, structure and results, as well as from presenting methodologically relevant academic evaluations. The adopted methodology is the result of the correlation amongst Municipal data and social and economics index with the PMCMV results, according to its criteria of action based on family income intervals. The research is supported by tables and maps of the adopted indicators, providing quantitative analysis and territorialapproach as well. The methodology was applied in National and regional scale, on selected State units, aiming representative values and statistical significance. The final results allow to conclude that, although achieving positive results,due to the way it was structured and has been implemented, PMCMV strengthen the understanding of housing as market goods rather than a social right, promoting the transfer of the poorest population to peripherical regions.
Key-words: Minha Casa Minha Vida Program; Evaluation; Public Policy; Housing Policy; Urbanism.

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