Name: Elaine Cristine Santos Santana
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 28/03/2019
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Clara Luiza Miranda Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Clara Luiza Miranda Advisor *

Summary: This study is based on a frequent scenario in large Brazilian cities, areas of
spatial segregation and social inequalities called precarious settlements, irregular settlements or favelas, resulting from a complex process of production of the city. The Special Zones of Social Interest (ZEIS) appear in this context as an instrument of public policy to encourage land tenure and urban regularization of irregular settlements, together with the principles of democratic management and popular participation, allowing a new approach to the areas of informal occupation of cities . Due to the context of occupation in the ZEIS areas, spontaneous and self-managed, the problem of lack of free spaces with adequate infrastructure and equipment is common; aimed at leisure activi ties, sports practices and socialization; which meet the needs of the local population. The development of this study is based on the hypothesis that free spaces can be adopted as a strategy of urban planning and management to promote ZEIS sociospatial development. Assuming that free spaces are the most democratic in urban space, because they are accessible to citizens, thus providing greater opportunities for the autonomy of individuals and groups to appropriate and transform them. The neighborhood Jesus de Nazareth was taken as an object of study for the development of field research that had the objective of investigating free spaces in the context of a Special Zone of Social Interest, based on the evaluation of its most significant attributes regarding socioenvironmental aspects, landscape, urban and socio-cultural, in order to reflect on how these can contribute to the local socio-spatial development. The results of the research showed that even with autonomous and punctual actions the community of Jesus of Nazareth has appropriated its free spaces as a strategy of socio-spatial development.

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